Water, Water Everywhere, Not a Drop to Drink!

Almost 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, but most of it is salty. Only 3 per cent of the total water on Earth is fresh and fit enough for drinking. To top that, as much as 80% of this fresh water is frozen-ice. That leaves very little water available for human consumption.

Water is scarce yet we are doing everything to pollute it and make it completely unfit for drinking!

How do we pollute our water?

Water is polluted when we add chemicals and harmful matter into it. Many rivers are dumping grounds for sewage, factory wastes (many harmful chemicals) and garbage. People who drink this polluted water can get very sick. This water is also dangerous for our plants and animals specially those that live around or in the water.

Sources of Pollution:

  1. Human waste is one of the major sources of pollution. It is said that as much as 2 million tons of human waste is thrown into our waters on a daily basis. Wow that is a lot!! Human waste includes sewage and garbage.
     
  2. Factories are another source of pollution – a more dangerous kind! Research has shown that 70% of chemicals from factories are thrown into our rivers and other waterways untreated. Many chemicals used in agriculture are also a source of pollution.
     

Polluted water is a reason for many water borne diseases such as cholera and jaundice. It is said that as many as 3.4 million people around the world die every year from a water related disease. 99 per cent of these deaths happen in the developing countries. Yes, countries like ours!

As we develop and increase in terms of population, we pollute more and need more water at the same time. Access to clean and safe water is getting more and more difficult. Today, 780 million people have little or no access to clean water. That is 1 in 9 people. It is time to wake up and do something.
 

What we can do:

  1. Build greater awareness and stop the pollution
  2. Reduce excessive water use by conserving.

Write to us about your thoughts on how we can conserve water. Share your views.